Parkinson's disease is a neurodegenerative disease caused by progressive dopamine brain cells loss. Symptoms of Parkinson's disease are correctable to an extent. Periodic limb movement disorder PLMD is a sleep disorder which causes repetitive cramping or jerking of the legs, resulting in disturbance of sleep.
Spinocerebellar ataxia SCA is a progressive, neurodegenerative, genetic disease, which has no cure and treated only symptomatically. Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease.
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Flunitrazepam / Rohypnol® 1mg 30tabs/box, Roche
This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Information about drug Ropinirole includes cost of the drug and the type of drug - tablet, capsule, syrup, cream, gel, ointment, liquid or injection.
To view the price of the drug, click on the brand name. The generic Ropinirole is manufactured by one company. Medindia's drug directory has currently 25 Brands of Ropinirole listed.
New generics and brands are constantly being updated as and when they are approved by drug controller and available in the pharmacies. Pharma Services and Drug Enquiries India is the world's capital for quality medicines, be it pharmaceutical formulations, herbal medicines or nutraceuticals. Our Pharma Division deals only with the best, GMP certified generics and branded medication for the export market.
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All orders will be subject to courier charges and supplies are normally dispatched through internationally accredited courier services. Complete the form below to receive the no-obligation price quote.Short video on trademark registration procedure, steps and cost in India. It would be a huge loss of time, efforts and costs!!!
Then you need to seriously consider protecting your business name, identity, brand, logo, image etc. This is achieved by registering Trademark for your business. If properly used and promoted, a Trademark becomes the most valuable asset of a business.
A registered trademark is an important asset for a business used to protect the company's investment in the brand or symbol.
A visual symbol like a word signature, name, device, label, numerals or combination of colors used by owner of the trademark for goods or services or other articles of commerce to distinguish it from other similar goods or services originating from different businesses.
Coca cola and Pepsi are two trademarks from same industry beverages which distinctly identifies source or origin of the goods as well as an indication of quality. Trademarks are registered under the Trademark Act, and provide the trademark owner the right to sue for damages when infringements of trademarks occur. However, any trademark, which is identical or deceptively similar to an existing registered trademark or trademark for which application for registration has been made, cannot be registered.
Also trademark that would likely cause deception or confusion or is offensive may not be registered. Any person which can be individual, company, proprietor or legal entity claiming to be owner of the trademark can apply. And the time required for trademark registry to complete formalities is 18 to 24 months. Once registered a trademark is valid for 10 years from the date of filing, which can be renewed time to time.
This search is to check whether your business name or logo is similar to other already registered trademarks. Generally trademark agent or attorney conducts this search with the Trademark Office to check if there are any similar trademarks already registered under that particular class. There are two kinds of search: online and offline.
It is recommended that you get both the searches done. Once found to be unique you can proceed to the next step. If someone already has the same or similar trademark, you need to change yours. Or if you are of opinion that the trademark is rightfully yours and you are using it since long time even before other party trademark registration. Cost: Government fees is Rs. It can take anywhere between 18 months to 2 years for the Trademark Office to decide whether or not to grant you the trademark; if there are objections from the trademark office or from anyone else, it may take longer.
In case it is opposed, we will have to go through the separate procedure for which there would be additional charges depending on the facts of the cases. Trademark Registration India. How much time and effort you invested in your business? Did you work hard to make your business a respectable and trust worthy name in minds of your clients? How would you feel, if someone else is misusing your business name? Or You found out that the name that you are using for your business is actually registered with some other company.General anesthesia is treatment with medications that induce a state of deep sleep and unconsciousness in the patient in order to be pain free during surgery.
Diabetes and hypertension high blood pressure are significant health problems worldwide, but like cardiac disease and fatty liver disease, people of Indian origin are disproportionately affected. Cardiac surgery is a formidable field in treating congenital heart diseases, valve replacements, atrial fibrillation, and coronary heart disease.
High blood pressure or hypertension is a chronic condition, which usually lasts a lifetime once it is developed. An allergy is a hypersensitive disorder of immune system. Substances that often cause allergic reactions are pollen, dust mites, mold spores, pet dander, food, insect stings and medicines.
Disclaimer - All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment.
Full Disclaimer. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Information about drug Ketamine includes cost of the drug and the type of drug - tablet, capsule, syrup, cream, gel, ointment, liquid or injection.
Ketamine Price of 50 Brands
To view the price of the drug, click on the brand name. The generic Ketamine is manufactured by one company. Medindia's drug directory has currently 50 Brands of Ketamine listed. New generics and brands are constantly being updated as and when they are approved by drug controller and available in the pharmacies. Pharma Services and Drug Enquiries India is the world's capital for quality medicines, be it pharmaceutical formulations, herbal medicines or nutraceuticals. Our Pharma Division deals only with the best, GMP certified generics and branded medication for the export market.
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Nutam mg Piracetam. Accident and Trauma Care. Recommended Reading. General Anesthesia General anesthesia is treatment with medications that induce a state of deep sleep and unconsciousness in the patient in order to be pain free during surgery.
Diabetes and Hypertension Diabetes and hypertension high blood pressure are significant health problems worldwide, but like cardiac disease and fatty liver disease, people of Indian origin are disproportionately affected.Flunitrazepamalso known as Rohypnol among other names,  is a benzodiazepine used to treat severe insomnia and assist with anesthesia.
It was patented in and came into medical use in In countries where this drug is used, it is used for treatment of sleeping problemsand in some countries to begin anesthesia. Adverse effects of flunitrazepam include dependence, both physical and psychological; reduced sleep quality resulting in somnolence ; and overdoseresulting in excessive sedation, impairment of balance and speech, respiratory depression or coma, and possibly death.
Because of the latter, flunitrazepam is commonly used in suicide. When used in pregnancy, it might cause hypotonia. Flunitrazepam as with other benzodiazepines can lead to drug dependence. Abrupt withdrawal may lead to a benzodiazepine withdrawal syndrome characterised by seizurespsychosisinsomnia, and anxiety. Rebound insomniaworse than baseline insomnia, typically occurs after discontinuation of flunitrazepam even from short-term single nightly dose therapy. Flunitrazepam may cause a paradoxical reaction in some individuals causing symptoms including anxiety, aggressivenessagitationconfusiondisinhibitionloss of impulse controltalkativeness, violent behavior, and even convulsions.
Paradoxical adverse effects may even lead to criminal behaviour. Benzodiazepines such as flunitrazepam are lipophilic and rapidly penetrate membranes and, therefore, rapidly cross over into the placenta with significant uptake of the drug.
Use of benzodiazepines including flunitrazepam in late pregnancy, especially high doses, may result in hypotonia, also known as floppy baby syndrome. Flunitrazepam impairs cognitive functions. This may appear as lack of concentration, confusion and anterograde amnesia. It can be described as a hangover -like effect which can persist to the next day. The combination with alcohol increases these impairments.
Partial, but incomplete tolerance develops to these impairments. Benzodiazepines require special precaution if used in the elderly, during pregnancy, in children, in alcohol- or drug-dependent individuals, and in individuals with comorbid psychiatric disorders. Impairment of driving skills with a resultant increased risk of road traffic accidents is probably the most important adverse effect.
This side-effect is not unique to flunitrazepam but also occurs with other hypnotic drugs. Flunitrazepam seems to have a particularly high risk of road traffic accidents compared to other hypnotic drugs. Extreme caution should be exercised by drivers after taking flunitrazepam.Rohypnol is an intermediate-acting benzodiazepine with general properties similar to those of Valium diazepam. It is used in the short-term treatment of insomniaas a pre-medication in surgical procedures and for inducing anesthesia.
Due to the strong amnesia produced by the drug, victims would have limited or no memory of the assault. Rohypnol depresses central nervous system activity and brain function. This depressed CNS activity manifests as sedation, sleep, muscle relaxation, and reduced anxiety.
When mixed with alcohol, another CNS depressantblackout, stupor, respiratory depression, and death are more likely to occur.
However, the sedative effects of Rohypnol are approximately 7 to 10 times stronger than Valium. The action of Rohypnol appears 15 to 20 minutes after administration and last approximately four to six hours. Some residual effects can be found 12 hours or more after administration.
Amnesia is an expected pharmacologic effect of benzodiazepines. Rohypnol causes partial amnesia ; individuals are unable to remember certain events that they experience while under the influence of the drug. However, this effect is particularly dangerous when Rohypnol is used illicitly to aid in sexual assault. Victims may not be able to clearly recall the assault, the assailant, or the events surrounding the assault. Rohypnol can be taken by mouth as a whole tablet, it can be crushed and snorted up the nose, or dissolved in a liquid prior to drinking.
Rohypnol may also be used with other drugs of abuse, such as alcohol or cocaine for various effects. Rohypnol can increase the intoxication of alcoholor may be used to lower the irritability and anxiety linked with excessive cocaine use binging. Schedule IV drugs are considered to have a lower abuse potential but can lead to physical or psychological dependence.
If Rohypnol exposure is to be detected, urine samples need to be collected within 72 hours of consumption and subjected to sensitive analytical tests. Very often, biological samples are taken from the victim at a time when the effects of the drug have already passed and only residual amounts remain in the body fluids. These residual amounts are difficult, if not impossible, to detect using standard screening assays available in the United States. Due to this, it is difficult to estimate the number of Rohypnol — facilitated rapes in the United States.
The problem is compounded by the onset of amnesia after ingestion of the drug, which causes the victim to be uncertain about the facts surrounding the rape. This uncertainty may lead to critical delays or even reluctance to report the rape and to provide appropriate biological samples for toxicology testing.
Ropinirole Price of 25 Brands
Rohypnol is no longer available legally in the United States. Rohypnolpreviously available as a white tablet that dissolved without color, taste, or smell is now formulated as an oblong caplet that is light green with a blue core. The manufacturer instituted this change to help identify tampered drinks at clubs. When dissolved in clear liquids the blue core will turn the clear liquid to blue. However, when dissolved in darker-colored liquids, the blue dye may not be noticeable.
Generic versions of Rohypnol may not contain the blue dye. While Rohypnol has become widely known for its use as a date-rape drugit is abused more frequently for other reasons.
It is abused by high school students, college students, street gang members, rave party attendees, and heroin and cocaine abusers to produce profound intoxicationboost the high of heroinmodulate the effects of cocaine. Teenagers and young males age 13 to 30 have been noted as the primary abusers of Rohypnol.
Chronic use of Rohypnol can result in physical dependence and the appearance of a withdrawal syndrome when the drug is discontinued.Flunitrazepam is marketed by Roche under the trade name Rohypnol. It is a powerful hypnotic drug that is a benzodiazepine derivative.Date rape drugs-Date rape drugs: Used in Sexual assault - Be Aware of Date Rape Drugs (Hindi)
It has powerful hypnotic, sedative, anxiolytic, and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Flunitrazepam is commonly prescribed for the treatment of insomnia.
Insomnia can be described as a difficulty falling asleep, frequent awakening, early awakenings or a combination of both. Flunitrazepam is a short-intermediate acting benzodiazepine and is sometimes used in patients who have difficulty in maintaining sleep.
Intermediate half life benzodiazepines are also useful for patients with difficulty in maintaining sleep eg loprazolam, lormetazepam, temazepam and may be preferable to long half life benzodiazepines which typically cause next day sedation and impairments.
Hypnotics should only be used on a short term basis or in those with chronic insomnia on an occasional basis. The drug is sometimes used as a date rape drug commonly referred to in street slang as a "roofie".
Rohypnol's medical use is as a pre-operation anaesthetic or strong sleeping pill, but stronger doses can bring on amnesia. It takes effect very quickly - sometimes as quick as 10 minutes after being taken - and reaches its peak eight hours later when it can render a person totally unconscious. It's about ten times stronger than Valium. Coming in the form of a tasteless and odourless pill which is easily ground down into powder, rohypnol has gained notoriety as the 'date rape' drug, after victims have been incapacitated and sexually assaulted after having their drinks spiked.
All traces of the drug disappear after 24 hours making prosecution difficult. Please note that rohypnol is not the only drug associated with date rape and there have been cases linked to GHB and other sedative drugs. Rohypnol has also been used in combination with other drugs to enhance the effects of low grade heroin, to mellow the buzz from crack and heroin, and to soften comedowns.
The drug has also acquired a reputation as a party drug, sometimes dubbed the 'love drug'. This is due to its claimed aphrodisiac qualities and because some users say that it gets you more drunk and keeps you that way longer. In many cases, victims are even unaware that assaults have taken place until their symptoms are recognised or their memory returns.
It's a very nasty drug. Be very wary of accepting opened drinks from strangers or people you don't trust, even if they are only soft drinks. If you feel odd, nauseous or drunk after only a couple of drinks, leave immediately and go to a place of safety. See: drug assisted sexual assault - advice on prevention. Health risks: Used on its own, Rohypnol is unlikely to be fatal, but when combined with other drugs such as alcohol and cannabis the risk increases greatly - as the drug suppresses the central nervous and respiratory systems, there's a chance that you could stop breathing.
Other side effects include hallucinations, vertigo, skin rashes, stomach problems and changes in libido. Detection periods: Rohypnol passes out of the system in 24 hours. In the US recent legislation has made it a Class A drug. Rohypnol is a tranquilizer about ten times more potent than Valium. The drug is available as a white or olive-green pill and is usually sold in the manufacturer's bubble packaging.
Users crush the pills and snort the powder, sprinkle it on marijuana and smoke it, dissolve it in a drink or inject it. Rohypnol has been used to commit sexual assaults because it renders the victim incapable of resisting, giving it the reputation of a "date-rape" drug.
Rohypnol users often describe its effects as "paralyzing. A person can be so incapacitated made unable to act they collapse. They lie on the floor, eyes open, able to observe events but completely unable to move. Afterwards, memory is impaired and they cannot recall any of what happened. The person experiences loss of muscle control, confusion, drowsiness and amnesia.Flunitrazepam, trade name Rohypnol, is a central nervous system depressant in a class of drugs called benzodiazepines.
Benzodiazepines are sedative-hypnotics used to treat anxiety, insomnia and sleep disorders, and seizure disorders; they are also used as skeletal-muscle relaxants. The round white tablets contain one or two milligrams of flunitrazepam. They are odorless, tasteless, and dissolve undetected in liquid.
They now appear as oblong green tablets that include a dye that turns blue when dissolved in liquid, which makes the drug more easily detected in some drinks. Though not approved for use in the United States, Rohypnol flunitrazepam is currently scheduled with other benzodiazepines as a Schedule IV controlled substance. Swiss pharmaceutical company Hoffman-La Roche first described and developed benzodiazepines in the s.
Roche modified the basic benzodiazepine structure and introduced a number of tranquilizers s and s, including Rohypnol in In the early s, Rohypnol emerged as a drug of abuse and misuse in the United States, and some states have reclassified it as a Schedule I substance at the state level; the DEA is also reviewing the possibility of reclassification. Rohypnol tablets come in doses of one or two milligrams and users may take one or more tablets at a time.
Users swallow or chew the tablets, or allow them to dissolve under the tongue. Users may take Rohypnol with other drugs, including marijuana, ecstasy, LSD, and alcohol to enhance the effects of these drugs. Similarly, cocaine users take Rohypnol to soften the negative effects of coming down from a binge. Rohypnol depresses central nervous system activity and brain function.
This depressed CNS activity manifests as sedation, sleep, muscle relaxation, and reduced anxiety. Regular use of Rohypnol results in increased tolerance to the drug, requiring users to take larger doses over time to achieve the same effect.
As with other Schedule IV substances, abuse of Rohypnol may lead to physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms can range from restlessness and anxiety to more severe effects similar to those of alcohol withdrawal, such as tremors, hallucinations, and convulsions.
Seizures caused by withdrawal from Rohypnol may occur more than a week after use has stopped. In the mids, reports surfaced that Rohypnol was being used in drug-facilitated sexual assault, victimizing both men and women, and it became known as a "date-rape" drug. Potential victims often are unaware that they are in danger when sexual predators slip Rohypnol into their drinks, where it dissolves and goes largely undetected. When mixed with alcohol, Rohypnol incapacitates and induces amnesia in its users, making them more vulnerable.
Predators can appear to be helping or rescuing a drunk friend, making it easy for them to move the victim to another location. Victims under the influence of Rohypnol are unable to fight back or negotiate with their rapists.